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FACT SHEET Protect your sensitive digital data. Our environmentally sound processes and complete data destruction techniques ensure compliance with environmental and data security legislation. This page was last edited on 30 April 2018, at 15:44. Enter the characters you see below Sorry, we just need to make sure you’re not a robot. Crimes against humanity are certain acts that are deliberately committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack or individual attack directed against any civilian or an identifiable part of a civilian population. Unlike war crimes, crimes against humanity can be committed during peace or war.
The term “crimes against humanity” was used by George Washington Williams in a pamphlet published in 1890 to describe the practices of Leopold II of Belgium’s administration of the Congo Free State. On May 24, 1915, the Allied Powers, Britain, France, and Russia, jointly issued a statement explicitly charging for the first time ever another government of committing “a crime against humanity”. At the conclusion of the war, an international war crimes commission recommended the creation of a tribunal to try “violations of the laws of humanity”. However, the US representative objected to references to “law of humanity” as being imprecise and insufficiently developed at that time and the concept was not pursued. In the aftermath of the Second World War, the London Charter of the International Military Tribunal was the decree that set down the laws and procedures by which the post-War Nuremberg trials were to be conducted. This definition was notable in its subjugation to the other two categories of offences defined in Article 6 of the Charter.
The jurisdictional limitation was explained by the American chief representative to the London Conference, Robert H. Jackson, who pointed out that it “has been a general principle from time immemorial that the internal affairs of another government are not ordinarily our business”. The defendants at the Tokyo International Tribunal. General Hideki Tojo was one of the main defendants, and is in the centre of the middle row.