Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is about the global economic participants of forex market ppt during the early 21st century. Not to be confused with Great Depression. The Great Recession was a period of general economic decline observed in world markets during the late 2000s and early 2010s.

The scale and timing of the recession varied from country to country. The recession was not felt evenly around the world. Whereas most of the world’s developed economies, particularly in North America and Europe, fell into a definitive recession, many of the newer developed economies suffered far less impact, particularly China and India whose economies grew substantially during this period. The Great Recession met the IMF criteria for being a global recession only in the single calendar year 2009. December 2007 and ended in June 2009, and thus extended over eighteen months. The years leading up to the crisis were characterized by an exorbitant rise in asset prices and associated boom in economic demand.

US mortgage-backed securities, which had risks that were hard to assess, were marketed around the world, as they offered higher yields than U. Many of these securities were backed by subprime mortgages, which collapsed in value when the U. 2006 and homeowners began to default on their mortgage payments in large numbers starting in 2007. The emergence of sub-prime loan losses in 2007 began the crisis and exposed other risky loans and over-inflated asset prices. With loan losses mounting and the fall of Lehman Brothers on September 15, 2008, a major panic broke out on the inter-bank loan market. The global recession that followed resulted in a sharp drop in international trade, rising unemployment and slumping commodity prices. Governments and central banks responded with fiscal and monetary policies to stimulate national economies and reduce financial system risks.

The recession has renewed interest in Keynesian economic ideas on how to combat recessionary conditions. The distribution of household incomes in the United States has become more unequal during the post-2008 economic recovery. The majority report provided by U. Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission, composed of six Democratic and four Republican appointees, reported its findings in January 2011.

There were two Republican dissenting FCIC reports. One of them, signed by three Republican appointees, concluded that there were multiple causes. In his separate dissent to the majority and minority opinions of the FCIC, Commissioner Peter J. During a period of strong global growth, growing capital flows, and prolonged stability earlier this decade, market participants sought higher yields without an adequate appreciation of the risks and failed to exercise proper due diligence. At the same time, weak underwriting standards, unsound risk management practices, increasingly complex and opaque financial products, and consequent excessive leverage combined to create vulnerabilities in the system. There are several “narratives” attempting to place the causes of the recession into context, with overlapping elements.